Coco peat (coco peat), also known as coir pith, coir fibre pith, coir dust, is made from coconut husks. Coco peat primarily consists of the coir fibre pith or coir dust which is obtained by processing coconut husk and removing the long fibres. The coco peat can hold large quantities of water. Cocopeat is used as a replacement for traditional peat in soil mixtures or as a soil-less substrate for plant cultivation. Coco peat is an organic material and an excellent substrate for root development and therefore transplanting can be made directly into the Coco peat with no need for any further treatment or agent.
The drying duration of Cocopeat is slower than many hydroponics mediums. Cocopeat develops a high buffer capacity that will enable the plants to overcome a short time deficiency of fertilizers and water. Soil born disease can be avoided with crops cultivation under substrate culture, which is suitable of most of vegetables and flower crops in particular.